Posts Categorized: Missions of Baja California

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #23, Santo Tomás de Aquino (1791-1849)

Santo Tomás de Aquino Mission Baja California

  By David Kier www.vivabaja.comCo-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  The future site for the fifth Dominican Baja California mission was discovered in 1769 and named San Francisco Solano, by Franciscan Padre Juan Crespí. In April, 1785, ‘San Solano’ was visited by Dominican Padre Luis Sales and a party of soldiers… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #22, San Miguel Arcángel (1787-1834)

San Miguel Mission Baja Mexico

By David Kierwww.vivabaja.comCo-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  The Dominicans were anxious to complete their charge to establish five missions in the void between San Fernando de Velicatá and San Diego de Alcalá. The Dominicans called this region La Frontera and after 13 years, they only could create three new missions…. Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #21, San Vicente Ferrer (1780-1833)

San Vicente Ferrer Mission Baja California Mexico

By David Kierwww.vivabaja.comCo-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  The San Vicente mission was founded on August 27, 1780 by Padre Miguel Hidalgo and Padre Joaquin Valero 20 leagues (about 50 miles) north of Santo Domingo. The location was well watered and at an important intersection of routes north to San Diego… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #20, Santo Domingo (1775-1839)

Santo Domingo Mission Baja California Mexico

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  One year following the founding of their first mission (El Rosario), the Dominicans were ready to begin the second mission of their California service. Padre Manuel Garcia and Padre Miguel Hidalgo traveled twenty leagues (about 50 miles) north to a site… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #19, Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Viñadaco (1774-1829)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  El Rosario was the first California mission founded by the Dominican Order, just one year after assuming responsibility over a dozen Jesuit founded missions, and one founded by the Franciscans. The site for El Rosario was known to the Cochimí Indians… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #18, San Fernando de Velicatá (1769-1825)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  San Fernando was the first California mission founded by the Franciscan Order, and also the only Franciscan-founded mission on the California peninsula. Originally, California was believed by many to be an island. Once it was established California was a peninsula, Spain… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #17, Nuestra Señora de Columna (Calamajué) /Santa María de los Ángeles (1766-1774)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  The 17th and final Jesuit California mission was founded by Padre Victoriano Arnés and Padre Juan José Diez, at a site called Calagnujuet. The Cochimí name was soon modified to Calamajué (Cala-ma-WAY). In Johann Jakob Baegert’s 1772 book, ‘Observations in Lower… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #16, San Francisco de Borja Adac (1762-1818)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’    The Jesuits had decided to expand their missions northward after Fernando Consag’s sea voyage in 1746 when he proved (as others before) that California was not an island. Yet nearly 20 years later, that point was still debated. A chain… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #15, Santa Gertrudis (1752-1822)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’    Fifteen years passed by before the Jesuits were able to establish another mission, and the first one in the northern half of the California peninsula. Padre Fernando Consag had made expeditions seeking potential mission sites, and was baptizing natives in… Read more »

The Spanish Missions on the California Peninsula: #14, San Luis Gonzaga Chiriyaqui (1737-1768)

By David Kier www.vivabaja.com Co-author of ‘The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California, 1697-1834’  Mission San Luis Gonzaga is on the Magdalena Plain of Baja California Sur. In 1721, it was originally established as a visita, or satellite visiting chapel of the mission of Los Dolores Apaté. The Guaycura Indian name for the oasis was… Read more »